Economics & Work

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By 2119, machines have widely replaced humans in almost all forms of work. Machine learning systems that allow machines to study a task and create new approaches to solving those tasks have allowed them to take over jobs that only humans could perform in the early years of the 21st Century. The shift to machines started with jobs that required physical labors such as lifting heavy objectives, cleaning buildings, or driving cars. This then shifted to the analysis of large quantities of information such as reviewing health records, making microsecond stock trading decisions, and using actuarial data tables to make insurance decisions. As machine learning improved, “creative” jobs such as composing music and designing buildings became the domain of machines. A new class of humans emerged who became known as the “useless class.” These were people who were unemployable because they had no skills to offer the AI-driven economy. The so called useless class started small but great exponentially as more and more segments of the economy were taken over by machines. By 2118, a vast majority of humans lived in absolute poverty subsisting on the AI-economy’s leftovers. 

Published Sources Supporting this Future